Chemistry - Factors affecting mass of a gas-evolving reaction mixture over time

Solution 1:

I. False – because the magnesium has a higher surface area in this reaction, the rate will proceed faster, producing a steeper slope in the graph; however, the final mass of the solution will be the same in both experiments. We would note that the lines converge when each system reaches equilibrium.

II. True – the higher concentration of $\ce{HCl}$ means more $\ce{H2}$ gas will be lost from the system at equilibrium. Thus, the line would flatten beneath line 1.

III. False – a lower temperature would mean the average kinetic energy of molecules in the system would be lower; therefore, a smaller fraction of the molecules will have sufficient energy to react with others. In this case, we would note an elongated curve that converges with the first.

Solution 2:

The reaction that occurs here is $$\ce{Mg (s) + 2 HCl (aq) -> MgCl2 (aq) + H_2 (g)^}.$$

As the reaction progresses, $\ce{H_2(g)}$ is released and hence the mass decreases.

I believe you are right, both I and II could be correct.

II, because a greater quantity of $\ce{HCl}$ will lead to more $\ce{H2}$ leaving, hence a greater mass decrease.

I, because putting the magnesium in smaller pieces is likely to increase the speed of the reaction, and hence increase the mass of $\ce{H2}$ that has been created in a given time. However, since the end of both functions is "flat", one could assume that the reactions won't evolve any more, thus invalidating this answer (if one waits long enough for the reaction to not evolve any more, the speed of the reaction will in most cases not affect the end result).