How to change React-Hook-Form defaultValue with useEffect()?

You can use setValue (

Import it from useForm:

const { handleSubmit, control, setValue} = useForm({ mode: 'onBlur' });

Then call it with the user data after it's received:

useEffect(() => {
    if (userData) {
            { name: }, 
            { phone: }
}, [userData]);

You can remove the default values from the form.

EDIT: See alternative answers below if this does not work.

setValue didn't work for me. Alternatively, you can use the reset method:

Reset either the entire form state or part of the form state.

Here is working code:

 /* registered address */
const [registeredAddresses, setRegisteredAddresses] = useState([]);

const { register, errors, handleSubmit, reset } = useForm <FormProps> ({
    validationSchema: LoginSchema,

 * get addresses data
const getRegisteredAddresses = async () => {
    try {
        const addresses = await AddressService.getAllAddress();
    } catch (error) {

useEffect(() => {
}, []);

useEffect(() => {
    if (registeredAddresses) {
            addressName: registeredAddresses[0].name,
            tel: registeredAddresses[0].contactNumber
}, [registeredAddresses]); 

@tommcandrew's setValue parameter formatting didn't work for me.

This format did:

useEffect(() => {
  const object = localStorage.getItem('object');
}, [])

@tam answer is halfway through what is needed to make it work with version 6.8.3.

You need to provide the default value but also to useEffect to reset. That particular distinction is required if you have a form that you reload with another entity. I have a complete example in CodeSanbox here.

In a nutshell: You need to define your defaultValues in the userForm.

 const { register, reset, handleSubmit } = useForm({
    defaultValues: useMemo(() => {
      return props.user;
    }, [props])

Then you need to listen to potential change.

  useEffect(() => {
  }, [props.user]);

The example in the Code Sandbox allows swapping between two users and have the form change its values.