In a PowerShell script, how can I check if I'm running with administrator privileges?

Solution 1:

In Powershell 4.0 you can use requires at the top of your script:

#Requires -RunAsAdministrator


The script 'MyScript.ps1' cannot be run because it contains a "#requires" statement for running as Administrator. The current Windows PowerShell session is not running as Administrator. Start Windows PowerShell by using the Run as Administrator option, and then try running the script again.

Solution 2:

$currentPrincipal = New-Object Security.Principal.WindowsPrincipal([Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent())

(from Command line safety tricks)

Solution 3:

function Test-Administrator  
    $user = [Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent();
    (New-Object Security.Principal.WindowsPrincipal $user).IsInRole([Security.Principal.WindowsBuiltinRole]::Administrator)  

Execute the above function. IF the a result is True, the user has admin privileges.

Solution 4:

as a combination of the above answers, you can use something like the following at the begin of your script:

# todo: put this in a dedicated file for reuse and dot-source the file
function Test-Administrator  
    process {
        [Security.Principal.WindowsPrincipal]$user = [Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent();
        return $user.IsInRole([Security.Principal.WindowsBuiltinRole]::Administrator);

if(-not (Test-Administrator))
    # TODO: define proper exit codes for the given errors 
    Write-Error "This script must be executed as Administrator.";
    exit 1;

$ErrorActionPreference = "Stop";

# do something

Another method is to start your Script with this line, which will prevent it's execution when not started with admin rights.

#Requires -RunAsAdministrator