Send out email when Apex Queueable fails and test it

The problem is that Test.stopTest executes the asynchronous code, then resets the governor limits back to the state it was in immediately before Test.startTest is called. If you really wanted to verify the output, you'd need a static method to check:

public class MyQueue implements Queueable, Database.AllowsCallouts {
    @TestVisible static Boolean emailSent = false;
    public void execute(QueueableContext context) {
        try {
            Integer invalid = 100 / 0;
        catch(Exception ex) {
            emailSent = true;

And from there, test it in your unit test:

private class MyQueue_Test {

    private static void sendsEmailOnError() {

        // Exercise
        System.enqueueJob(new MyQueue());

        // Verify

This is one of those relatively rare conditions where the easiest way to perform a task is to inject test code to the actual code. You should do this minimally, of course, but as often as necessary.

Alternatively, a more idiomatic way to do this would be to use the Stub API. The idea here is that you'd mock out sendEmail by overriding it in the unit test. This is a bit complicated to use in practice, especially since you only need to add two lines of code.

I usually take the route of storing results in a log object as opposed to email.

If you want, you can add a trigger to the log object to send out an email. You can enable activity tracking for the emails as well which would allow you to query for the existence of an activity as opposed to checking the governor limits.

The benefits being:

  • logs are more permanent
  • logs are less likely to get lost in email
  • logs are not user specific meaning if there is an issue and the email recipient is out of office, the log can be viewed and the issue can be resolved
  • you can report on logs/activities but not email